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Revision: 1.91
Committed: Tue May 29 14:30:44 2012 UTC (12 years ago) by root
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Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.90: +6 -2 lines
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# Content
1 /*
2 * libecb - http://software.schmorp.de/pkg/libecb
3 *
4 * Copyright (©) 2009-2012 Marc Alexander Lehmann <libecb@schmorp.de>
5 * Copyright (©) 2011 Emanuele Giaquinta
6 * All rights reserved.
7 *
8 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modifica-
9 * tion, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
10 *
11 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice,
12 * this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
13 *
14 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
15 * notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
16 * documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
17 *
18 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
19 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MER-
20 * CHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO
21 * EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPE-
22 * CIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
23 * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS;
24 * OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
25 * WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTH-
26 * ERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
27 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
28 */
29
30 #ifndef ECB_H
31 #define ECB_H
32
33 /* 16 bits major, 16 bits minor */
34 #define ECB_VERSION 0x00010001
35
36 #ifdef _WIN32
37 typedef signed char int8_t;
38 typedef unsigned char uint8_t;
39 typedef signed short int16_t;
40 typedef unsigned short uint16_t;
41 typedef signed int int32_t;
42 typedef unsigned int uint32_t;
43 #if __GNUC__
44 typedef signed long long int64_t;
45 typedef unsigned long long uint64_t;
46 #else /* _MSC_VER || __BORLANDC__ */
47 typedef signed __int64 int64_t;
48 typedef unsigned __int64 uint64_t;
49 #endif
50 #ifdef _WIN64
51 #define ECB_PTRSIZE 8
52 typedef uint64_t uintptr_t;
53 typedef int64_t intptr_t;
54 #else
55 #define ECB_PTRSIZE 4
56 typedef uint32_t uintptr_t;
57 typedef int32_t intptr_t;
58 #endif
59 typedef intptr_t ptrdiff_t;
60 #else
61 #include <inttypes.h>
62 #if UINTMAX_MAX > 0xffffffffU
63 #define ECB_PTRSIZE 8
64 #else
65 #define ECB_PTRSIZE 4
66 #endif
67 #endif
68
69 /* many compilers define _GNUC_ to some versions but then only implement
70 * what their idiot authors think are the "more important" extensions,
71 * causing enormous grief in return for some better fake benchmark numbers.
72 * or so.
73 * we try to detect these and simply assume they are not gcc - if they have
74 * an issue with that they should have done it right in the first place.
75 */
76 #ifndef ECB_GCC_VERSION
77 #if !defined __GNUC_MINOR__ || defined __INTEL_COMPILER || defined __SUNPRO_C || defined __SUNPRO_CC || defined __llvm__ || defined __clang__
78 #define ECB_GCC_VERSION(major,minor) 0
79 #else
80 #define ECB_GCC_VERSION(major,minor) (__GNUC__ > (major) || (__GNUC__ == (major) && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= (minor)))
81 #endif
82 #endif
83
84 #define ECB_C (__STDC__+0) /* this assumes that __STDC__ is either empty or a number */
85 #define ECB_C99 (__STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L)
86 #define ECB_C11 (__STDC_VERSION__ >= 201112L)
87 #define ECB_CPP (__cplusplus+0)
88 #define ECB_CPP98 (__cplusplus >= 199711L)
89 #define ECB_CPP11 (__cplusplus >= 201103L)
90
91 /*****************************************************************************/
92
93 /* ECB_NO_THREADS - ecb is not used by multiple threads, ever */
94 /* ECB_NO_SMP - ecb might be used in multiple threads, but only on a single cpu */
95
96 #if ECB_NO_THREADS
97 # define ECB_NO_SMP 1
98 #endif
99
100 #if ECB_NO_THREADS || ECB_NO_SMP
101 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE do { } while (0)
102 #endif
103
104 #ifndef ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
105 #if ECB_C11 && !defined __STDC_NO_ATOMICS__
106 /* we assume that these memory fences work on all variables/all memory accesses, */
107 /* not just C11 atomics and atomic accesses */
108 #include <stdatomic.h>
109 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE atomic_thread_fence (memory_order_acq_rel)
110 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE atomic_thread_fence (memory_order_acquire)
111 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE atomic_thread_fence (memory_order_release)
112 #endif
113 #endif
114
115 #ifndef ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
116 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(2,5) || defined __INTEL_COMPILER || (__llvm__ && __GNUC__) || __SUNPRO_C >= 0x5110 || __SUNPRO_CC >= 0x5110
117 #if __i386 || __i386__
118 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("lock; orb $0, -1(%%esp)" : : : "memory")
119 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE ECB_MEMORY_FENCE /* non-lock xchg might be enough */
120 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE do { } while (0) /* unlikely to change in future cpus */
121 #elif __amd64 || __amd64__ || __x86_64 || __x86_64__
122 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("mfence" : : : "memory")
123 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE __asm__ __volatile__ ("lfence" : : : "memory")
124 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE __asm__ __volatile__ ("sfence") /* play safe - not needed in any current cpu */
125 #elif __powerpc__ || __ppc__ || __powerpc64__ || __ppc64__
126 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("sync" : : : "memory")
127 #elif defined __ARM_ARCH_6__ || defined __ARM_ARCH_6J__ \
128 || defined __ARM_ARCH_6K__ || defined __ARM_ARCH_6ZK__
129 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("mcr p15,0,%0,c7,c10,5" : : "r" (0) : "memory")
130 #elif defined __ARM_ARCH_7__ || defined __ARM_ARCH_7A__ \
131 || defined __ARM_ARCH_7M__ || defined __ARM_ARCH_7R__
132 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("dmb" : : : "memory")
133 #elif __sparc || __sparc__
134 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("membar #LoadStore | #LoadLoad | #StoreStore | #StoreLoad | " : : : "memory")
135 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE __asm__ __volatile__ ("membar #LoadStore | #LoadLoad" : : : "memory")
136 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE __asm__ __volatile__ ("membar #LoadStore | #StoreStore")
137 #elif defined __s390__ || defined __s390x__
138 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("bcr 15,0" : : : "memory")
139 #elif defined __mips__
140 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("sync" : : : "memory")
141 #elif defined __alpha__
142 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __asm__ __volatile__ ("mb" : : : "memory")
143 #endif
144 #endif
145 #endif
146
147 #ifndef ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
148 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(4,4) || defined __INTEL_COMPILER || defined __clang__
149 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __sync_synchronize ()
150 /*#define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE ({ char dummy = 0; __sync_lock_test_and_set (&dummy, 1); }) */
151 /*#define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE ({ char dummy = 1; __sync_lock_release (&dummy ); }) */
152 #elif _MSC_VER >= 1400 /* VC++ 2005 */
153 #pragma intrinsic(_ReadBarrier,_WriteBarrier,_ReadWriteBarrier)
154 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE _ReadWriteBarrier ()
155 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE _ReadWriteBarrier () /* according to msdn, _ReadBarrier is not a load fence */
156 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE _WriteBarrier ()
157 #elif defined _WIN32
158 #include <WinNT.h>
159 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE MemoryBarrier () /* actually just xchg on x86... scary */
160 #elif __SUNPRO_C >= 0x5110 || __SUNPRO_CC >= 0x5110
161 #include <mbarrier.h>
162 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __machine_rw_barrier ()
163 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE __machine_r_barrier ()
164 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE __machine_w_barrier ()
165 #elif __xlC__
166 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE __sync ()
167 #endif
168 #endif
169
170 #ifndef ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
171 #if !ECB_AVOID_PTHREADS
172 /*
173 * if you get undefined symbol references to pthread_mutex_lock,
174 * or failure to find pthread.h, then you should implement
175 * the ECB_MEMORY_FENCE operations for your cpu/compiler
176 * OR provide pthread.h and link against the posix thread library
177 * of your system.
178 */
179 #include <pthread.h>
180 #define ECB_NEEDS_PTHREADS 1
181 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_NEEDS_PTHREADS 1
182
183 static pthread_mutex_t ecb_mf_lock = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
184 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE do { pthread_mutex_lock (&ecb_mf_lock); pthread_mutex_unlock (&ecb_mf_lock); } while (0)
185 #endif
186 #endif
187
188 #if !defined ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE && defined ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
189 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_ACQUIRE ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
190 #endif
191
192 #if !defined ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE && defined ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
193 #define ECB_MEMORY_FENCE_RELEASE ECB_MEMORY_FENCE
194 #endif
195
196 /*****************************************************************************/
197
198 #if __cplusplus
199 #define ecb_inline static inline
200 #elif ECB_GCC_VERSION(2,5)
201 #define ecb_inline static __inline__
202 #elif ECB_C99
203 #define ecb_inline static inline
204 #else
205 #define ecb_inline static
206 #endif
207
208 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(3,3)
209 #define ecb_restrict __restrict__
210 #elif ECB_C99
211 #define ecb_restrict restrict
212 #else
213 #define ecb_restrict
214 #endif
215
216 typedef int ecb_bool;
217
218 #define ECB_CONCAT_(a, b) a ## b
219 #define ECB_CONCAT(a, b) ECB_CONCAT_(a, b)
220 #define ECB_STRINGIFY_(a) # a
221 #define ECB_STRINGIFY(a) ECB_STRINGIFY_(a)
222
223 #define ecb_function_ ecb_inline
224
225 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(3,1)
226 #define ecb_attribute(attrlist) __attribute__(attrlist)
227 #define ecb_is_constant(expr) __builtin_constant_p (expr)
228 #define ecb_expect(expr,value) __builtin_expect ((expr),(value))
229 #define ecb_prefetch(addr,rw,locality) __builtin_prefetch (addr, rw, locality)
230 #else
231 #define ecb_attribute(attrlist)
232 #define ecb_is_constant(expr) 0
233 #define ecb_expect(expr,value) (expr)
234 #define ecb_prefetch(addr,rw,locality)
235 #endif
236
237 /* no emulation for ecb_decltype */
238 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(4,5)
239 #define ecb_decltype(x) __decltype(x)
240 #elif ECB_GCC_VERSION(3,0)
241 #define ecb_decltype(x) __typeof(x)
242 #endif
243
244 #define ecb_noinline ecb_attribute ((__noinline__))
245 #define ecb_unused ecb_attribute ((__unused__))
246 #define ecb_const ecb_attribute ((__const__))
247 #define ecb_pure ecb_attribute ((__pure__))
248
249 #if ECB_C11
250 #define ecb_noreturn _Noreturn
251 #else
252 #define ecb_noreturn ecb_attribute ((__noreturn__))
253 #endif
254
255 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(4,3)
256 #define ecb_artificial ecb_attribute ((__artificial__))
257 #define ecb_hot ecb_attribute ((__hot__))
258 #define ecb_cold ecb_attribute ((__cold__))
259 #else
260 #define ecb_artificial
261 #define ecb_hot
262 #define ecb_cold
263 #endif
264
265 /* put around conditional expressions if you are very sure that the */
266 /* expression is mostly true or mostly false. note that these return */
267 /* booleans, not the expression. */
268 #define ecb_expect_false(expr) ecb_expect (!!(expr), 0)
269 #define ecb_expect_true(expr) ecb_expect (!!(expr), 1)
270 /* for compatibility to the rest of the world */
271 #define ecb_likely(expr) ecb_expect_true (expr)
272 #define ecb_unlikely(expr) ecb_expect_false (expr)
273
274 /* count trailing zero bits and count # of one bits */
275 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(3,4)
276 /* we assume int == 32 bit, long == 32 or 64 bit and long long == 64 bit */
277 #define ecb_ld32(x) (__builtin_clz (x) ^ 31)
278 #define ecb_ld64(x) (__builtin_clzll (x) ^ 63)
279 #define ecb_ctz32(x) __builtin_ctz (x)
280 #define ecb_ctz64(x) __builtin_ctzll (x)
281 #define ecb_popcount32(x) __builtin_popcount (x)
282 /* no popcountll */
283 #else
284 ecb_function_ int ecb_ctz32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
285 ecb_function_ int
286 ecb_ctz32 (uint32_t x)
287 {
288 int r = 0;
289
290 x &= ~x + 1; /* this isolates the lowest bit */
291
292 #if ECB_branchless_on_i386
293 r += !!(x & 0xaaaaaaaa) << 0;
294 r += !!(x & 0xcccccccc) << 1;
295 r += !!(x & 0xf0f0f0f0) << 2;
296 r += !!(x & 0xff00ff00) << 3;
297 r += !!(x & 0xffff0000) << 4;
298 #else
299 if (x & 0xaaaaaaaa) r += 1;
300 if (x & 0xcccccccc) r += 2;
301 if (x & 0xf0f0f0f0) r += 4;
302 if (x & 0xff00ff00) r += 8;
303 if (x & 0xffff0000) r += 16;
304 #endif
305
306 return r;
307 }
308
309 ecb_function_ int ecb_ctz64 (uint64_t x) ecb_const;
310 ecb_function_ int
311 ecb_ctz64 (uint64_t x)
312 {
313 int shift = x & 0xffffffffU ? 0 : 32;
314 return ecb_ctz32 (x >> shift) + shift;
315 }
316
317 ecb_function_ int ecb_popcount32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
318 ecb_function_ int
319 ecb_popcount32 (uint32_t x)
320 {
321 x -= (x >> 1) & 0x55555555;
322 x = ((x >> 2) & 0x33333333) + (x & 0x33333333);
323 x = ((x >> 4) + x) & 0x0f0f0f0f;
324 x *= 0x01010101;
325
326 return x >> 24;
327 }
328
329 ecb_function_ int ecb_ld32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
330 ecb_function_ int ecb_ld32 (uint32_t x)
331 {
332 int r = 0;
333
334 if (x >> 16) { x >>= 16; r += 16; }
335 if (x >> 8) { x >>= 8; r += 8; }
336 if (x >> 4) { x >>= 4; r += 4; }
337 if (x >> 2) { x >>= 2; r += 2; }
338 if (x >> 1) { r += 1; }
339
340 return r;
341 }
342
343 ecb_function_ int ecb_ld64 (uint64_t x) ecb_const;
344 ecb_function_ int ecb_ld64 (uint64_t x)
345 {
346 int r = 0;
347
348 if (x >> 32) { x >>= 32; r += 32; }
349
350 return r + ecb_ld32 (x);
351 }
352 #endif
353
354 ecb_function_ ecb_bool ecb_is_pot32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
355 ecb_function_ ecb_bool ecb_is_pot32 (uint32_t x) { return !(x & (x - 1)); }
356 ecb_function_ ecb_bool ecb_is_pot64 (uint64_t x) ecb_const;
357 ecb_function_ ecb_bool ecb_is_pot64 (uint64_t x) { return !(x & (x - 1)); }
358
359 ecb_function_ uint8_t ecb_bitrev8 (uint8_t x) ecb_const;
360 ecb_function_ uint8_t ecb_bitrev8 (uint8_t x)
361 {
362 return ( (x * 0x0802U & 0x22110U)
363 | (x * 0x8020U & 0x88440U)) * 0x10101U >> 16;
364 }
365
366 ecb_function_ uint16_t ecb_bitrev16 (uint16_t x) ecb_const;
367 ecb_function_ uint16_t ecb_bitrev16 (uint16_t x)
368 {
369 x = ((x >> 1) & 0x5555) | ((x & 0x5555) << 1);
370 x = ((x >> 2) & 0x3333) | ((x & 0x3333) << 2);
371 x = ((x >> 4) & 0x0f0f) | ((x & 0x0f0f) << 4);
372 x = ( x >> 8 ) | ( x << 8);
373
374 return x;
375 }
376
377 ecb_function_ uint32_t ecb_bitrev32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
378 ecb_function_ uint32_t ecb_bitrev32 (uint32_t x)
379 {
380 x = ((x >> 1) & 0x55555555) | ((x & 0x55555555) << 1);
381 x = ((x >> 2) & 0x33333333) | ((x & 0x33333333) << 2);
382 x = ((x >> 4) & 0x0f0f0f0f) | ((x & 0x0f0f0f0f) << 4);
383 x = ((x >> 8) & 0x00ff00ff) | ((x & 0x00ff00ff) << 8);
384 x = ( x >> 16 ) | ( x << 16);
385
386 return x;
387 }
388
389 /* popcount64 is only available on 64 bit cpus as gcc builtin */
390 /* so for this version we are lazy */
391 ecb_function_ int ecb_popcount64 (uint64_t x) ecb_const;
392 ecb_function_ int
393 ecb_popcount64 (uint64_t x)
394 {
395 return ecb_popcount32 (x) + ecb_popcount32 (x >> 32);
396 }
397
398 ecb_inline uint8_t ecb_rotl8 (uint8_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
399 ecb_inline uint8_t ecb_rotr8 (uint8_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
400 ecb_inline uint16_t ecb_rotl16 (uint16_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
401 ecb_inline uint16_t ecb_rotr16 (uint16_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
402 ecb_inline uint32_t ecb_rotl32 (uint32_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
403 ecb_inline uint32_t ecb_rotr32 (uint32_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
404 ecb_inline uint64_t ecb_rotl64 (uint64_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
405 ecb_inline uint64_t ecb_rotr64 (uint64_t x, unsigned int count) ecb_const;
406
407 ecb_inline uint8_t ecb_rotl8 (uint8_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x >> ( 8 - count)) | (x << count); }
408 ecb_inline uint8_t ecb_rotr8 (uint8_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x << ( 8 - count)) | (x >> count); }
409 ecb_inline uint16_t ecb_rotl16 (uint16_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x >> (16 - count)) | (x << count); }
410 ecb_inline uint16_t ecb_rotr16 (uint16_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x << (16 - count)) | (x >> count); }
411 ecb_inline uint32_t ecb_rotl32 (uint32_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x >> (32 - count)) | (x << count); }
412 ecb_inline uint32_t ecb_rotr32 (uint32_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x << (32 - count)) | (x >> count); }
413 ecb_inline uint64_t ecb_rotl64 (uint64_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x >> (64 - count)) | (x << count); }
414 ecb_inline uint64_t ecb_rotr64 (uint64_t x, unsigned int count) { return (x << (64 - count)) | (x >> count); }
415
416 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(4,3)
417 #define ecb_bswap16(x) (__builtin_bswap32 (x) >> 16)
418 #define ecb_bswap32(x) __builtin_bswap32 (x)
419 #define ecb_bswap64(x) __builtin_bswap64 (x)
420 #else
421 ecb_function_ uint16_t ecb_bswap16 (uint16_t x) ecb_const;
422 ecb_function_ uint16_t
423 ecb_bswap16 (uint16_t x)
424 {
425 return ecb_rotl16 (x, 8);
426 }
427
428 ecb_function_ uint32_t ecb_bswap32 (uint32_t x) ecb_const;
429 ecb_function_ uint32_t
430 ecb_bswap32 (uint32_t x)
431 {
432 return (((uint32_t)ecb_bswap16 (x)) << 16) | ecb_bswap16 (x >> 16);
433 }
434
435 ecb_function_ uint64_t ecb_bswap64 (uint64_t x) ecb_const;
436 ecb_function_ uint64_t
437 ecb_bswap64 (uint64_t x)
438 {
439 return (((uint64_t)ecb_bswap32 (x)) << 32) | ecb_bswap32 (x >> 32);
440 }
441 #endif
442
443 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(4,5)
444 #define ecb_unreachable() __builtin_unreachable ()
445 #else
446 /* this seems to work fine, but gcc always emits a warning for it :/ */
447 ecb_inline void ecb_unreachable (void) ecb_noreturn;
448 ecb_inline void ecb_unreachable (void) { }
449 #endif
450
451 /* try to tell the compiler that some condition is definitely true */
452 #define ecb_assume(cond) do { if (!(cond)) ecb_unreachable (); } while (0)
453
454 ecb_inline unsigned char ecb_byteorder_helper (void) ecb_const;
455 ecb_inline unsigned char
456 ecb_byteorder_helper (void)
457 {
458 const uint32_t u = 0x11223344;
459 return *(unsigned char *)&u;
460 }
461
462 ecb_inline ecb_bool ecb_big_endian (void) ecb_const;
463 ecb_inline ecb_bool ecb_big_endian (void) { return ecb_byteorder_helper () == 0x11; }
464 ecb_inline ecb_bool ecb_little_endian (void) ecb_const;
465 ecb_inline ecb_bool ecb_little_endian (void) { return ecb_byteorder_helper () == 0x44; }
466
467 #if ECB_GCC_VERSION(3,0) || ECB_C99
468 #define ecb_mod(m,n) ((m) % (n) + ((m) % (n) < 0 ? (n) : 0))
469 #else
470 #define ecb_mod(m,n) ((m) < 0 ? ((n) - 1 - ((-1 - (m)) % (n))) : ((m) % (n)))
471 #endif
472
473 #if __cplusplus
474 template<typename T>
475 static inline T ecb_div_rd (T val, T div)
476 {
477 return val < 0 ? - ((-val + div - 1) / div) : (val ) / div;
478 }
479 template<typename T>
480 static inline T ecb_div_ru (T val, T div)
481 {
482 return val < 0 ? - ((-val ) / div) : (val + div - 1) / div;
483 }
484 #else
485 #define ecb_div_rd(val,div) ((val) < 0 ? - ((-(val) + (div) - 1) / (div)) : ((val) ) / (div))
486 #define ecb_div_ru(val,div) ((val) < 0 ? - ((-(val) ) / (div)) : ((val) + (div) - 1) / (div))
487 #endif
488
489 #if ecb_cplusplus_does_not_suck
490 /* does not work for local types (http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/docs/papers/2008/n2657.htm) */
491 template<typename T, int N>
492 static inline int ecb_array_length (const T (&arr)[N])
493 {
494 return N;
495 }
496 #else
497 #define ecb_array_length(name) (sizeof (name) / sizeof (name [0]))
498 #endif
499
500 #endif
501